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copy_to_user,copy_from_user,get_user,put_user函数比较

时间:10-04-02 栏目:系统技术篇 作者:鲁智森也有文化 评论:1 点击: 2,523 次

copy_to_user --  Copy a block of data into user space.

copy_from_user --  Copy a block of data from user space.

get_user --  Get a simple variable from user space.

put_user --  Write a simple value into user space.

copy_from_user

Name

copy_from_user --  Copy a block of data from user space.

Synopsis

 

unsigned long copy_from_user (void * to, const void __user * from, unsigned long n);

 

Arguments

 

to

Destination address, in kernel space.

from

Source address, in user space.

n

Number of bytes to copy.

Context

User context only. This function may sleep.

Description

Copy data from user space to kernel space.

Returns number of bytes that could not be copied. On success, this will be zero.

If some data could not be copied, this function will pad the copied data to the requested size using zero bytes.

 

copy_to_user

Name

copy_to_user --  Copy a block of data into user space.

Synopsis

 

unsigned long copy_to_user (void __user * to, const void * from, unsigned long n);

 

Arguments

 

to

Destination address, in user space.

from

Source address, in kernel space.

n

Number of bytes to copy.

Context

User context only. This function may sleep.

Description

Copy data from kernel space to user space.

Returns number of bytes that could not be copied. On success, this will be zero.

put_user

Name

put_user --  Write a simple value into user space.

Synopsis

 

put_user ( x, ptr);

 

Arguments

 

x

Value to copy to user space.

ptr

Destination address, in user space.

Context

User context only. This function may sleep.

Description

This macro copies a single simple value from kernel space to user space. It supports simple types like char and int, but not larger data types like structures or arrays.

ptr must have pointer-to-simple-variable type, and x must be assignable to the result of dereferencing ptr.

Returns zero on success, or -EFAULT on error.

get_user

Name

get_user --  Get a simple variable from user space.

Synopsis

 

get_user ( x, ptr);

 

Arguments

 

x

Variable to store result.

ptr

Source address, in user space.

Context

User context only. This function may sleep.

Description

This macro copies a single simple variable from user space to kernel space. It supports simple types like char and int, but not larger data types like structures or arrays.

ptr must have pointer-to-simple-variable type, and the result of dereferencing ptr must be assignable to x without a cast.

Returns zero on success, or -EFAULT on error. On error, the variable x is set to zero.

声明: 本文由( 鲁智森也有文化 )原创编译,转载请保留链接: copy_to_user,copy_from_user,get_user,put_user函数比较

copy_to_user,copy_from_user,get_user,put_user函数比较:目前有1 条留言

  1. 沙发
    goldfighter:

    不错,收藏了

    2011-04-15 10:41 [回复]

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