HardBirch

【android】Intent类的参数设置与使用示例

时间:12-12-11 栏目:Android类详解与使用示例 作者:魔豆先生 评论:1 点击: 7,269 次

Android中的Intent类是一个很常用的class,activity调用,传递数据,调用外部程序,系统功能调用或者页面的。

一、Intent调用系统相关程序、功能和设置页面的时候相关参数设置示例:

1.从google搜索内容

Intent it= new Intent();
it.setAction(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH);
it.putExtra(SearchManager.QUERY,"searchString")
startActivity(it);

2.浏览网页
Uri uri =Uri.parse("http://www.google.com");
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,uri);
startActivity(it);

3.显示地图
Uri uri = Uri.parse("geo:38.899533,-77.036476");
Intent it = newIntent(Intent.Action_VIEW,uri);
startActivity(it);

4.路径规划
Uri uri =Uri.parse("http://maps.sogou.com/maps?f=dsaddr=startLat%20startLng&daddr=endLat%20endLng&hl=en");
Intent it = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,uri);
startActivity(it);

5.拨打电话
Uri uri =Uri.parse("tel:911");
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DIAL,uri);
startActivity(it);

6.调用发短信的程序
Intent it = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
it.putExtra("sms_body", "TheSMS text");
it.setType("vnd.android-dir/mms-sms");
startActivity(it);

7.发送短信
Uri uri =Uri.parse("smsto:10086");
Intent it = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, uri);
it.putExtra("sms_body", "TheSMS text");
startActivity(it);
String body="this is sms demo";
Intent mmsintent = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, Uri.fromParts("smsto", number, null));
mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_BODY,body);
mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_COMPOSE_MODE,true);
mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_EXIT_ON_SENT,true);
startActivity(mmsintent);

8.发送彩信
Uri uri =Uri.parse("content://media/external/images/media/23");
Intent it = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);
it.putExtra("sms_body","some text");
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_STREAM, uri);
it.setType("image/png");
startActivity(it);
StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
sb.append("file://");
sb.append(fd.getAbsoluteFile());
Intent intent = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, Uri.fromParts("mmsto", number, null));
// Below extra datas are all optional.
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_SUBJECT,subject);
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_BODY,body);
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_CONTENT_URI,sb.toString());
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_COMPOSE_MODE,composeMode);
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_EXIT_ON_SENT,exitOnSent);
startActivity(intent);

 

9.发送Email
Uri uri =Uri.parse("mailto:xxx@abc.com");
Intent it = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, uri);
startActivity(it);
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_EMAIL,"me@abc.com");
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, "Theemail body text");
it.setType("text/plain");
startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it,"Choose Email Client"));
Intent it=new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);
String[] tos={"me@abc.com"};
String[]ccs={"you@abc.com"};
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_EMAIL, tos);
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_CC, ccs);
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, "Theemail body text");
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_SUBJECT, "Theemail subject text");
it.setType("message/rfc822");
startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it,"Choose Email Client"));

Intent it = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_SUBJECT, "Theemail subject text");
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_STREAM,"file:///sdcard/mysong.mp3");
sendIntent.setType("audio/mp3");
startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it,"Choose Email Client"));

10.播放多媒体
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
Uri uri =Uri.parse("file:///sdcard/song.mp3");
it.setDataAndType(uri,"audio/mp3");
startActivity(it);
Uri uri =Uri.withAppendedPath(MediaStore.Audio.Media.INTERNAL_CONTENT_URI,"1");
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,uri);
startActivity(it);

11.uninstall apk
Uri uri =Uri.fromParts("package", "soxin", null);
Intent it = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_DELETE, uri);
startActivity(it);

12.install apk
Uri installUri = Uri.fromParts("package","skyMarket", null);
Intent it = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_PACKAGE_ADDED, installUri);

startActivity(it);

13. 打开照相机
   <1>Intent i = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_CAMERA_BUTTON, null);
this.sendBroadcast(i);

   <2>long dateTaken = System.currentTimeMillis();
String name = createName(dateTaken) + ".jpg";
fileName = folder + name;
ContentValues values = new ContentValues();
values.put(Images.Media.TITLE, fileName);
values.put("_data", fileName);
values.put(Images.Media.PICASA_ID, fileName);
values.put(Images.Media.DISPLAY_NAME, fileName);
values.put(Images.Media.DESCRIPTION, fileName);
values.put(Images.ImageColumns.BUCKET_DISPLAY_NAME, fileName);
Uri photoUri = getContentResolver().insert(
MediaStore.Images.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI,values);

Intent inttPhoto = new Intent(MediaStore.ACTION_IMAGE_CAPTURE);
inttPhoto.putExtra(MediaStore.EXTRA_OUTPUT, photoUri);
startActivityForResult(inttPhoto, 10);

14.从gallery选取图片
Intent i = new Intent();
i.setType("image/*");
i.setAction(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT);
startActivityForResult(i, 11);

15. 打开录音机
Intent mi = new Intent(Media.RECORD_SOUND_ACTION);
startActivity(mi);

16.显示应用详细列表   
Uri uri =Uri.parse("market://details?id=app_id");
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,uri);
startActivity(it);
//where app_id is the application ID, findthe ID
//by clicking on your application on Markethome
//page, and notice the ID from the addressbar

刚才找app id未果,结果发现用package name也可以
Uri uri =Uri.parse("market://details?id=<packagename>");
这个简单多了

17.寻找应用      
Uri uri =Uri.parse("market://search?q=pname:pkg_name");
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,uri);
startActivity(it);
//where pkg_name is the full package pathfor an application

18.打开联系人列表
<1>
Intent i = new Intent();
i.setAction(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT);
i.setType("vnd.android.cursor.item/phone");
startActivityForResult(i, REQUEST_TEXT);

<2>
Uri uri = Uri.parse("content://contacts/people");
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_PICK, uri);
startActivityForResult(it, REQUEST_TEXT);

19.打开另一程序
Intent i = new Intent();
ComponentName cn = newComponentName("com.yellowbook.android2",
"com.yellowbook.android2.AndroidSearch");
i.setComponent(cn);
i.setAction("android.intent.action.MAIN");
startActivityForResult(i, RESULT_OK);

20.调用系统编辑添加联系人(高版本SDK有效):
Intent it = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_INSERT_OR_EDIT);
it.setType("vnd.android.cursor.item/contact");
//it.setType(Contacts.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE);
it.putExtra("name","myName");
it.putExtra(android.provider.Contacts.Intents.Insert.COMPANY,  "organization");
it.putExtra(android.provider.Contacts.Intents.Insert.EMAIL,"email");
it.putExtra(android.provider.Contacts.Intents.Insert.PHONE,"homePhone");
it.putExtra(android.provider.Contacts.Intents.Insert.SECONDARY_PHONE,"mobilePhone");
it.putExtra(  android.provider.Contacts.Intents.Insert.TERTIARY_PHONE,"workPhone");
it.putExtra(android.provider.Contacts.Intents.Insert.JOB_TITLE,"title");
startActivity(it);

21.调用系统编辑添加联系人(全有效):
Intent intent = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_INSERT_OR_EDIT);
intent.setType(People.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE);
intent.putExtra(Contacts.Intents.Insert.NAME, "My Name");
intent.putExtra(Contacts.Intents.Insert.PHONE, "+1234567890");
intent.putExtra(Contacts.Intents.Insert.PHONE_TYPE,Contacts.PhonesColumns.TYPE_MOBILE);
intent.putExtra(Contacts.Intents.Insert.EMAIL, "com@com.com");
intent.putExtra(Contacts.Intents.Insert.EMAIL_TYPE, Contacts.ContactMethodsColumns.TYPE_WORK);
startActivity(intent);

 

 

一、Intent调用系统相关程序、功能和设置页面的时候相关参数设置示例:

 

 

 

声明: 本文由( 魔豆先生 )原创编译,转载请保留链接: 【android】Intent类的参数设置与使用示例

【android】Intent类的参数设置与使用示例:目前有1 条留言

  1. 太高级了~ 用不过来

    2012-12-11 16:21 [回复]

发表评论


QQ群互动

Linux系统与内核学习群:194051772

WP建站技术学习交流群:194062106

魔豆之路QR

魔豆的Linux内核之路

魔豆的Linux内核之路

优秀工程师当看优秀书籍

优秀程序员,要看优秀书!

赞助商广告

友荐云推荐